Human Papillomavirus Infection

Human Papillomavirus Infection

The incidence of HPV associated oropharyngeal cancer has increased during the past 20 years, especially among men. It is considered as an emerging risk factor particularly in younger age group. Stronger association of HPV is seen with tonsillar carcinomas than any other HPV-associated cancers. Low-risk HPVs do not cause cancer but can cause skin warts (HPV types 6 and 11 cause 90 percent of all genital warts). High-risk or oncogenic HPVs are found to be associated with cancer. Among the identified high-risk HPV types, HPV types 16 and 18 are found to be associated with majority of HPV related oral cancers.

Mode of infection and risk factors :
  • Not firmly established
  • Oro genital transmission
  • Sexual behaviours eg. number of partners, oral sex, kissing, husband of women with cervical cancer etc.

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