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Sugar effects on Health

SUGAR AND HEALTH

  • Sugar can be considered as a double edged sword.

  • Consumption of both less and more than optimum amount of sugar can adversely affect the body.

EFFECTS OF SUGAR ON HEALTH AND ORAL HEALTH

  • Sugar consumption more than the optimum amount can increase the risk of diabetes, obesity, heart diseases etc. Body's immune function can also be affected.

  • It causes tooth cavity and can be the cause of gum diseases too.

  • Low blood sugar levels in the body may cause fatigue, mood swings, and headaches.

  • WEIGHT GAIN OBESITY:

    Excessive consumption of sugar, especially in beverages, can directly contribute to weight gain.

  • TYPE 2 DIABETES:

    Prolonged consumption of high sugary foods increases the chances of development or worsening of diabetes.

  • diabetes
  • LIVER:

    Higher amounts of added sugar causes excessive buildup of fat in the liver. (Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease - NAFLD).

  • Kidney:

    High sugar levels and uncontrolled diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the kidney and destroy the kidney’s filters.

  • kidney
  • Brain:

    High blood glucose levels can affect the brain’s functional connectivity. It can lead to restricted blood flow in the brain.

  • brain
  • HEART:

    Consumption of higher amounts of added sugar can increase the blood pressure and chronic inflammations, both of which increases the likelihood of heart disease.

  • heart
  • Tooth Decay:

    • Frequent sugar consumption is a major contributor for tooth decay.

    • Bacteria in the thin layer of plaque on tooth surface converts the sugar into acid and damages the teeth.

    • Limiting the intake of high sugar foods in terms of quantity as well as frequency is one effective way to prevent tooth cavities.

    • Sugars can be the risk factor for gum diseases too.

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