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Types of Sugar

Types of Sugar based on their Sources

Natural Sugars:

They are sugars that are found naturally and in food and not added to sweeten it. Natural sources can be both sweet (Example: Honey, fruits, dates) and not tasting sweet (Example: natural milk, nuts and seeds)

Artificial Sugars:

Artificial sugars are added to some foods and beverages to make them taste sweet and are manufactured artificially. People often refer to them as “intense sweeteners” because they provide a taste similar to that of table sugar.


Types of Sugar based on their chemical structure

Sugars can be classified according to their chemical structure as:

  1. Monosaccharides: One molecule sugar/simple sugars.
    • Glucose
    • Fructose (Fruit Sugar)
    • Galactose (milk sugar)
  2. Dissacharides:Two molecule of monosaccharide linked together.
    • Sucrose (Table sugar) = Glucose+Fructose.
    • Lactose (milk sugar) = Glucose+Galactose
    • Maltose (malt sugar) = Glucose+Glucose
  3. Polysaccharides:Number of monosaccharides linked together
    • Starch

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